Warli paintings

Warli paintings, created by the Warli tribe of Maharashtra, are also known as laganchitra. These were originally created solely on the interior walls of village huts. The colours are almost monochromatic and the process of painting tedious. The process of painting created for occasions such as weddings, are as important as the occasion itself. Only Savasani women (women whose husbands are alive) can make the main portion of the wedding painting, consisting of a chaukat (square) and Mother Goddess Palaghat. The figure Palaghat symbolizes creativity and prosperity and is depicted in various forms surrounded by massive horses. The subject matter of these paintings is mainly the depiction of various marriage rituals. However, some of the paintings also depict activity from their day to day life. Jivya Soma Mashe is a well known Warli painter and was honoured with the Prince Claus Award in 2009 for his reinvention of the disappearing Warli art form. His first exhibition was in 1975 in Bombay, and the first one overseas was in Palais de Menton, France, in 1976. Since then, he has exhibited in several countries abroad. He has also shown in the Pompidou Centre, Paris in 1989. In 1976, he received the National Award for Tribal Art and in 2002, he was honored with the Shilpa Guru award.